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Strictly protected species

Pursuant to the Nature Protection Act (Official Gazette 80/13), protected taxa are only strictly protected wild taxa.

Parnassius mnemosyne  - crni apolonStrictly protected taxa may be: wild taxa threatened with extinction in the territory of the Republic of Croatia, narrowly distributed endemics, and wild taxa protected pursuant to an international agreement to which the Republic of Croatia is a party and which is in effect and ratified by Croatia. Picking, collecting, destroying, cutting or digging out, keeping and trading of all autochthonous strictly protected plants and fungi is prohibited. The following is prohibited for strictly protected free living animals:

1.       their removal from nature,
2.       intentionally capturing and/or killing;
3.       intentionally damaging and/or destroying their developmental stages, nests or dens;
4.       intentionally disturbing, particularly during periods of mating, raising young, migration and hibernation, if such a disturbance would be significant with regard to the conservation objectives;
5.       intentionally destroying and/or taking eggs from nature or keeping empty eggs;
6.       damaging or destroying areas for mating or resting;
7.       covering, keeping, breeding, trading, importing, exporting, transporting or misappropriating or in any way obtaining and stuffing or mounting.

Exceptionally from these provisions, in the case of a lack of other suitable possibilities, and if the exception will not be harmful for the survival of a certain population, the Ministry may permit such activities for the purpose of: protection of plants, fungi and animals, and protection of natural habitats; preventing serious damage to crops, livestock, forests, fishponds, waters and other forms of property; protection of public health and safety, air safety or other prevalent public interest; research and education, repopulation, reintroduction and necessary reproduction.

A protected species may be: a native wild taxon that is threatened or rare, and is not threatened by extinction within the territory of the Republic of Croatia; a wild taxon that is not threatened, but its appearance may cause it to be easily confused with a protected wild taxon; a wild taxon protected pursuant to an international agreement to which the Republic of Croatia is a party and which is in effect.

Protected wild taxa may be used in such a manner and in such a quantity that their population at the national or local level is not brought into jeopardy, and with certain protection measures including:

1.       seasonal prohibition of use and other restrictions to use of the population;

2.       temporary or local prohibition of use for the purpose of restoring the population to a satisfactory level;

regulating trade, keeping for trade and transport for trade of living and dead specimens.

The Ministry responsible for environmental protection proclaims strictly protected taxa at the proposal of the State Institute for Nature Protection based on the threat assessment (red lists) and the obligation ensuing from the appropriate international agreements to which the Republic of Croatia is a party.

Wild growing plants and fungi and wild animals in national parks, strict reserves and special reserves also enjoy protection. This relates to wild growing plants and fungi and wild animals for which the area was primarily protected, and all underground animals even when not protected as individual taxa, unless otherwise stipulated by the act on the protection of the area for a specific species.

Fines ranging from HRK 3,000 to 1,000,000 are imposed upon any natural or legal person who: kills a native wild species; introduces an alien wild species into nature in the Republic of Croatia; disturbs, captures, injures or kills wild animals; picks, collects, destroys, cuts or digs out wild growing strictly protected plants or fungi; kills animals for the purpose of processing, trade or other reasons; covers, keeps, breeds or trades strictly protected animals; keeps in captivity, breeds, sells or buys protected wild taxa contrary to the prescribed conditions; conducts research on strictly protected taxa without the consent of the Ministry; does not report dead, sick or injured strictly protected wild taxa to the Ministry and the veterinary service.

The State Institute for Nature Protection, as the central institute for expert tasks in nature protection, has prepared a proposal of the strictly protected taxa in cooperation with scientists competent for individual groups. Based on this proposal, the Ordinance on strictly protected species (Official Gazette 144/13) was proclaimed in 2013.

Document download:
Ordinance on strictly protected species (OG 144/13)

Other ordinances pertaining to strictly protected and protected taxa (download):
Ordinance on cross border transport and trade of protected species (OG 72/09)
Ordinance on the conditions for keeping, manner of labelling and records on protected animals in captivity (OG 70/09)
Ordinance on the collection of protected wild growing plants for the purpose of processing, trade and other reasons (OG 154/08)
Ordinance on the fees for damages incurred from impermissible activities with protected animal species (OG 84/96 and 79/02)

 

GROUP

NUMBER OF STRICTLY PROTECTED TAXA

Mammals

61

Birds - nesting and non-nesting

306

Reptiles

33

Amphibians

13

Fish

102

Echinoderms

3

Moss animals

1

Insects

254

Arachnids

40

Crustaceans

102

Millipeds

5

Entognatha

3

Leeches

2

Polychaetes

1

Snails

159

Bivalves

9

Cnidarians

11

Flatworms

1

Sponges

12

Fungi

348

Plants

944

Algae

22

Images